What is CBD?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol, a cannabinoid that has little psychoactive effect compared to the more well-known cannabinoid THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD, a naturally-occurring constituent of the industrial hemp plant, promotes and supports the nutritional health of aging bodies. Source: US Government patent#6,630,507 “Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants.” The CBD from hemp plants and cannabis plants are chemically identical but CBD oil from hemp plants contain far fewer trace amounts of THC.
Is CBD Legal?
Hemp that contains little to no THC and its products are legal to import and sell in the US. and do not require a prescription to procure or consume, based on a 2003 Federal court case called Hemp Industries Association, et al, v. Drug Enforcement Administration, 333 F.3d 1082 (9th Cir. 2003) (“Hemp Indus.), the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals Ruling (2004), 2014 US Farm Bill, and recent FDA letters.
9th Circuit Court of Appeals Ruling (2004)
In the 2004 9th Circuit Court ruling between the Hemp Industries Association (HIA) and the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the Court ruled that constituents contained within “industrial” hemp were naturally occurring and outside the regulatory scope of the DEA and the Controlled Substance Act (CSA).
The Agricultural Act of 2014
Commonly referred to as the “2014 Farm Bill”, enacted by the US Congress in 2014 defines “industrial hemp” as “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” 7 USC § 7606(b)(2).
Unlike FDA approved pharmaceutical drugs, which are new compounds developed and patented by drug companies and go through rigorous clinical trials before reaching the market, and can only be administered with a prescription; hemp extracts are a botanically derived, whole plant extract that exists organically in nature. The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 explicitly defines ‘supplements’ as an extract of a botanical, and therefore, does not require a prescription.
Industrial hemp extract is a botanical extract that falls within the definition of hemp as defined by the 2014 Farm Bill, made legal to market in the US by the 2004 9th Circuit Court ruling.
What does CBD do?
Because CBD is currently not approved by the FDA for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of any disease, it is illegal to promote it as an unapproved new drug. Thus, CBD products we carry are not sold to cure, prevent, or treat any disease. However, we urge consumers to do extensive research in order to make informed decisions on supplements they choose. Sources of information many find helpful include:
- the wikipedia entry on Cannabidiol
- the National Cancer Institute
- and PubMed.gov, which contains ample research on the positive effects of CBD. As just one of many examples, preliminary findings from this recent study support the use of CBD as a potential harm reduction tool for nicotine addiction.
CBD has also been found to counteract less desirable effects of certain cannabis strains and concentrates such as drowsiness and paranoia. Like many substances, effective doses of CBD depends on the individual, but according to a study published in Current Drug Safety, CBD “does not interfere with several psychomotor and psychological functions” and is “well tolerated and safe” even at high doses. At least one study found 200 mg to be the maximum dose of CBD that can be vaporized efficiently, with higher doses producing a saturation effect. In order to prevent waste and to get the most value from CBD products, we recommend experimenting by starting low and gradually increasing amounts until through self-assessment you have reached the optimum dosage for you. Like most nutritional supplements, CBD is most effective when used consistently to increase levels absorbed in the body. As with other cannabinoids such as THC, CBD products may not immediately have an effect the first time they’re used.
Will use of CBD Products Result in a positive drug test result?
Because THC is the main source of the psychoactivity and euphoria of cannabis, routine urine drug screens consist of an immunoassay with antibodies that detect it and its main metabolite, 11-nor-delta9-caboxy-THC (THC-COOH). According to research from one of our vendors, PlusCBD Oil, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, a branch of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services charged with reducing the impact of substance abuse, has set the cutoff level for a positive urine screen in the immunoassay at 50 ng/mL. When the immunoassay screen is positive at the > 50 ng/mL level, a confirmatory GC/MS (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry) test is performed to verify the positive urine screen. The confirmatory GC/MS has a cutoff level of 15 ng/mL and is specific only to the 11-nor-THCCOOH metabolite. Fortunately, the urine drug screen for THC-COOH is known to have very little cross-reactivity to other cannabinoids that are not psychoactive, such as CBD (cannabidiol), CBG (cannabigerol), CBN (cannabinol), and others. Thus, only individuals using unusually large doses of hemp CBD oil product (over 1000-2000 mg daily) could theoretically test positive during the initial urinary screen. Though very rare, the urine screen in these cases could have a false positive due to other non-THC metabolites or compounds, which may cross-react with the immunoassay. But the follow-up confirmatory GC/MS test would be negative, since CBD and other cannabinoids will not be detected by the more accurate (and specific) GC/MS screen. Simply put, consumers who use standard serving sizes of high-quality, lab-vetted hemp CBD products are very unlikely to test positive for THC, though it’s important to be aware that extremely high doses could possibly result in a positive urine screen (which would later be shown to be false via GC/MS). Cautious consumers should seek specific regulations posed by their employers and adjust consumption accordingly.
What CBD product is best for me?
The optimal CBD medium is unique to each person and what they’re treating. For example, those with muscle and/or skin ailments may find CBD in topical cream form to be most effective since it can be applied directly on points of pain or inflammation. However, creams can be expensive since the CBD is often mixed with other high quality therapeutic ingredients and are less effective for ailments outside the area of application.
Those who seek absorption of CBD throughout the body usually smoke it as a component of a medicinal cannabis strain or ingest it orally. Though smoking is an efficient and fast-acting intake method, provides the advantages of a full entourage effect, and can provide a comforting ritual, one problem (especially for those with ailments affecting the lungs and respiratory system) is the harsh sensation of inhaling smoke that contains toxic compounds such as benzyprene. Though we believe cannabis should be legal everywhere, unfortunately laws have not caught up with current science and public opinion in many areas making it less easily available.
Vaporization of cannabis and/or CBD vape oil derived from hemp plants is a healthier alternative to smoking and is as rapidly effective. The CBD vape liquids we carry from CBD Drip use highly concentrated blends so that less is needed to achieve an equivalent effect to some other brands. Because it contains no artificial flavors or colors it can be vaped by itself for a stronger effect with a subtle hemp taste or added separately to any favorite herbal oil concentrate with little effect on the flavor. CBD Drip products have been tested by SC Labs, one of the first independent institutions to specialize in the analysis of cannabis and cannabis products. The SC Labs certificate of analysis showed zero to safely minimal trace levels of pesticides, fungicides, plant growth regulators and microbiological contamination.
Other popular ways to intake CBD include various forms of oral ingestion such as tinctures, sublingual sprays, edibles and capsules. Effects from these mediums may not be as immediate as smoking or vaping but such methods allow for more precise monitoring of CBD dosage, are more discrete than smoking/vaping, are sold in a variety of flavors and can be mixed with foods and drinks.
Why purchase CBD products through Cascadia Vape?
As lifetime advocates for legal access to medicinal and recreational cannabis, we view our business as part of the process of normalizing the use of cannabinoids and as a public service for the many people it helps. Though we’re unable to sell cannabis and cannabis products, we hope to help expand public acceptance of a life-saving and life-enhancing plant. There’s countless CBD products available online but we carefully curate our selection by seeking out like-minded socially and environmentally responsible producers who use natural organic and GMO-free ingredients and clean extraction processes. Cascadia Vape places a high value on customer education through our blog, newsletter, store product pages and social media channels. Though we’re a small company we price our products competitively and because we’re small we can offer personalized customer service, research and guidance regarding best practices and troubleshooting for any of our products.